Write 5 pages thesis on the topic attachment disorders and borderline personality disorder. A person suffering from BPD has low self-worth and fears being left alone or abandoned by those around him. Others include the feeling of being empty inside, problems in anger and temper management, or the hurting of oneself through burning and cutting. The person may also attempt or threaten to commit suicide or feel paranoid by losing a sense of reality.
The causes of BPD have not been conclusively proven but it is believed that chemicals in the brain that control moods have a role in the development of this illness. The disorder is quite prominent in families that have experienced it before and those that have faced childhood trauma such as physical abuse, neglect, or the death of a parent (Fossati, Madeddu, and Maffei, 1999). The risks of developing it are also pronounced when those who have had childhood trauma find it hard to cope with anxiety, stress, and depression. Besides, BPD is believed to be caused by a mixture of biological and genetic factors, social factors as well as psychological factors that affect how a person handles his temperament and personality with the environment (Fonagy and Bateman, 2005).
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is treated through psychotherapy through Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) which focuses on the teaching of skills to cope and combat the destructive urges (Fonagy and Bateman, 2005). The DBT is also meant to encourage the practicing of mindfulness for instance meditation, relaxation, and breathing that is regulated through individual and group work. Psychodynamic psychotherapy and Cognitive behavioral therapy may also be used to treat certain patients with BPD though they are not as effective as DBT (Clarkin et al., 2001). Medications may also be used in the treatment of specific symptoms of BPD such as the use of valproate to minimize impulsivity or food rich in omega-3 fatty acids to treat fluctuations in mood. Whenever a patient with BPD experiences extreme stress or impulsive behavior, it is advisable that he is hospitalized for a short term. Such patients must receive the support of friends and family so that they do not isolate themselves and make a quick recovery. The patient should be encouraged to eat a healthy balanced diet, have regular exercise, and adequate sleep to relieve the symptoms of BPD.
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