Write 6 pages thesis on the topic ethics in social psychology. However, deception is a crucial tool in researches because it enables an investigator to extract hidden facts, which the researcher cannot obtain when he/she does not use it. This paper will endeavor to discuss the importance of the use of deception in social psychology research when no alternatives are feasible.
Deception is an explicit misrepresentation of facts. It takes different forms in social psychology research. For instance, investigators may give a false purpose or distort the findings of the study (Nier, 2012). Deception has been a source of critical controversy among researchers. Some experimenters argue that the use of deception allows the researcher to get its finer details. This may not be possible if the investigator had initially informed the participants. Although some psychologists view deception as unethical and immoral, experimenters acknowledge its benefits. For example, they cite that the uninformed participants delight in the experience of research and learn many more things than would be learned were no use of deception made (Ortmann and Hertwig). This clearly indicates that minimum deception is crucial to the actualization of research despite their claims. Ortmann and Hertwig note that the type of research directs the investigator to decide whether to apply deception or not. It is not plausible for a researcher to use deception in a study that can potentially harm the participants. When deception is inevitable, a debriefing session should follow the findings of the study. In this session, the researcher informs the participants about the objective of the investigation. The investigator reveals the purpose, findings, and reconciles with the participants. He/she corrects the problems that emanated from the research.
In social and psychological research, deception is a very indispensable tool because of its many advantages. It plays a crucial part in the investigation of unconscious behavior such as anger, aggression, and memory. In such cases, deception allows the researcher to design, in a tactful way, a good experiment without eliciting the attention of the participants. Nier (2012) perceives deception as essential in examining behaviors such as persuasion used in counseling and other socially influenced researches.
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