Provide a 6 pages analysis while answering the following question: The Peri and Post-Operative Nursing Intervention.

Nursing intervention done to reduce the risk of nosocomial infection is necessary for decreasing the patients’ long staying at the hospital by up to 7.3 days as well as minimizing the rate of morbidity and mortality. (JBI, 2003a) The common causes of nosocomial infections are associated with traumatized or irritated skin caused by razor blades or depilatory agents including the improper management of intravascular devices and hospital environment.

Based on an evidence-based practice by Joanna Briggs Institute (2003), hair removal should be avoided when performing a surgical operation in order to minimize the risk of infection. It is best to avoid hair removal prior to performing a surgical operation since an evidence-based test result shows that there is a relationship between shaving and surgical site infection. (JBI, 2003a)

In case of hair removal is necessary prior to a surgical operation, hair removal using electric clippers is preferred than the use of depilatory creams or razor blades. while using depilatory agents is preferred more than razor blades. Studies show that the use of electric clippers is better than depilatory agents or razor blades since depilatory agents could result in adverse effects such as skin irritation and allergies (JBI, 2003a) while razor blades could cause small nicks in the skin that enables the microorganisms to colonize the wound. Thus, increasing the rate of postoperative surgical site infections.

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There is no significant difference between conducting the preoperational hair removal the night before the surgery or on the day of the surgery. (JBI, 2003a) Therefore, health practitioners could perform preoperational hair removal 2 hours before the surgical incision.

Particularly the use of prosthetic and indwelling catheter devices could lead to bloodstream infections commonly caused by coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CNS), Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococci,&nbsp.and Candida Albicans.

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